Terms of Use

All content in this site is under the Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial license which permits content sharing and adaptation as long as proper attribution is given to its author(s) and is used for non-commercial purposes

Hub members must be a US resident and/or US Citizen and be 13 years or older.


All content in this site is under the Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial license which permits content sharing and adaptation as long as proper attribution is given to its author(s) and is used for non-commercial purposes

Hub members must be a US resident and/or US Citizen and be 13 years or older.

Curation Guidelines

This post provides guidelines for how Virginia onAir determines the permissibility and impermissibility of speech and content on this Elections & Governance Hub. These principles are meant to encourage civil and honest discourse without allowing for harassment or threats to personal safety. In case of any questions or concerns, please contact our Executive Director Katlyn Weiser at katlyn.weiser@onair.cc .

  • Research-driven content: Our choice and priorities of content will be formed by research on current topics, interviews and polling on information relevant to our target audience, and internal discussion.
  • Full citation and credit: All included information will include source information and hyperlinks.
  • Respect and inclusivity. Our platform is meant to promote an open discourse about current politics that is open for all users with that common goal. Any user or content that infringes on that goal will be removed from the platform and disciplined.
  • Our takedown rules and guidelines will evolve as political discourse evolves. Our Curation Principles will undergo an annual review to ensure that they match the evolving nature of political discussion. All users will be fully notified of changes to the platform’s guidelines. Ad hoc reviews of rules and guidelines will also occur if needed, and Democracy onAir reserves the right to make case-by-case decisions if content does not fit cleanly into a category but nonetheless runs counter to our general principles.


1. Acceptance of Terms

By visiting the Virginia onAir Hub (referred to as “Hub”) website or mobile application, viewing, accessing or otherwise using any of the services or information created, collected, compiled or submitted to the Hub, you agree to be bound by the following Terms and Conditions of Service. If you do not want to be bound by our Terms your only option is not to visit, view or otherwise use the services of the Hub. You understand, agree and acknowledge that these Terms constitute a legally binding agreement.

2. Provision of Services

You agree and acknowledge that VEH is entitled to modify, improve or discontinue any of its services at its sole discretion and without notice to you even if it may result in you being prevented from accessing any information contained in it.

3. Proprietary Rights

Any of the trademarks, service marks, collective marks, design rights or similar rights that are mentioned, used or cited in the articles of the Hub are the property of their respective owners. Their use here does not imply that you may use them for any other purpose other than for the same or a similar informational use as contemplated by the original authors of these Hub articles under the Creative Commons-Non Commercial licensing scheme. The Hub cannot grant any rights to use any otherwise protected materials. Your use of any such or similar incorporeal property is at your own risk.

4. Disclaimer of Warranties

You understand and agree that your use of Hub is entirely at your own risk and that our services are provided “As Is” and “As Available”. The Hub does not make any express or implied warranties, endorsements or representations whatsoever as to the operation of the Hub website, information, content, materials, or products. This shall include, but not be limited to, implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement, and warranties that access to or use of the service will be uninterrupted or error-free or that defects in the service will be corrected.

5. Limitation of Liability

You understand and agree that the Hub and any of its subsidiaries or affiliates shall in no event be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, or exemplary damages. This shall include, but not be limited to damages for loss of profits, business interruption, business reputation or goodwill, loss of programs or information or other intangible loss arising out of the use of or the inability to use the service, or information, or any permanent or temporary cessation of such service or access to information, or the deletion or corruption of any content or information, or the failure to store any content or information. The above limitation shall apply whether or not referred to as “VEH” has been advised of or should have been aware of the possibility of such damages. In jurisdictions where the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages is not allowed the liability of referred to as “VEH” is limited to the greatest extent permitted by law.

6. External Content

The Hub may include hyperlinks to third-party content, advertising or websites. You acknowledge and agree that referred to as “Hub” is not responsible for and does not necessarily endorse any advertising, products or resource available from such resources or websites.

7. Jurisdiction

You expressly understand and agree to submit to the personal and exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of the country, state, province or territory determined solely by referred to as “Hub” to resolve any legal matter arising from this agreement or related to your use of referred to as “Hub”. If the court of law having jurisdiction, rules that any provision of the agreement is invalid, then that provision will be removed from the Terms and the remaining Terms will continue to be valid.The referred to as “Hub” database is stored on a server in the United States of America, and is maintained in reference to the protections afforded under local and federal law. Laws in your country or jurisdiction may not protect or allow the same kinds of speech or distribution. referred to as “Hub” does not encourage the violation of any laws; and cannot be responsible for any violations of such laws, should you link to this domain or use, reproduce, or republish the information contained herein.

8. Legal Statements

There is absolutely no assurance that any statement contained in an article touching on legal matters is true, correct or precise. Law varies from place to place and it evolves over time — sometimes quickly. Even if a statement made about the law is accurate, it may only be accurate in the jurisdiction of the person posting the information; as well, the law may have changed, been modified or overturned by subsequent development since the entry was made on Ballotpedia.The legal information provided on referred to as “Hub” is, at best, of a general nature and cannot substitute for the advice of a licensed professional, i.e., by a competent authority with specialised knowledge who can apply it to the particular circumstances of your case. Please contact a local bar association, law society or similar association of jurists in your legal jurisdiction to obtain a referral to a competent legal professional if you do not have other means of contacting an attorney-at-law, lawyer, civil law notary, barrister or solicitor. Neither the individual contributors, system operators, developers, or sponsors of referred to as “Hub” nor anyone else connected to referred to as “Hub” can take any responsibility for the results or consequences of any attempt to use or adopt any of the information or disinformation presented on this web site.Nothing on referred to as “VEH”should be construed as an attempt to offer or render a legal opinion or otherwise engage in the practice of law.

9. Entire Agreement

You understand and agree that the above Terms constitute the entire general agreement between you and referred to as “Hub”. You may be subject to additional Terms and conditions when you use, purchase or access other services, affiliate services or third-party content or material.

10. Changes to the Terms

The “Hub” reserves the right to modify these Terms from time to time at our sole discretion and without any notice. Changes to our Terms become effective on the date they are posted and your continued use of referred to as “Hub” after any changes to Terms will signify your agreement to be bound by them.

Creative Commons License

All content in this site is under the Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial license which permits content sharing and adaptation as long as proper attribution is given to its author(s) and is used for non-commercial purposes.

Key features of CC-BY-NC

Attribution-NonCommercial ShareAdaptAttributionNonCommercialNotices:
(CC BY-NC 3.0 US)
From Creative Commons website

You are free to:

  1. copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
  2. remix, transform, and build upon the material.

The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms:

  • You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made.
  • You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
  • You may not use the material for commercial purposes. No additional restrictions
  • You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
  • You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation. No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.

Selected sites that use the CC-BY-NC license

Some of the websites below also contain copyrighted content that can not be embedded in your post.

Some of the websites below allow for re-use in commercial sites. Usually when a website provides a sharing button that enables embedding the content in a post, the content will be covered by the CC-BY_NC license.

Below are some well known sites that provide for CC-BY-NC licensing.  Most government related content will be covered by the CC-BY-NC license. The links below give you a more detail on how each of these popular sites approach copyrighted and Creative Commons content.

MIT Open Courseware

Privacy Policy

Simply visiting this Hub does not expose your identity publicly. This privacy policy was significantly helped by consulting the Wikimedia Foundation Privacy Policy.


Simply visiting this Hub does not expose your identity publicly. This privacy policy was significantly helped by consulting the Wikimedia Foundation Privacy Policy.

Sharing information with third parties

Except where otherwise specified, all text added to the Hub is available for reuse under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial license.

When you submit to the your email addresses, phone numbers, and addresses for any purpose, that data will only be used by Democracy onAir. Democracy onAir will not sell your information.

You also can, at any time, request that your information be removed from the VAO system. Such requests will be honored within one business day.

For Hub Members and Curators

When you edit any post that you are author of, you are publishing a document. This is a public act, and you are identified publicly with that edit as its author.

Security of information

There is no guarantee against unauthorized access to any information you provide. This information may be available to anyone with access to the servers.

Deletion of content

Removing text from the Hub does not permanently delete it. In normal articles, anyone can look at a previous version and see what was there. If an article is “deleted”, any user with “administrator” access can see what was deleted. Information can be permanently deleted by those people with access to the servers, but there is no guarantee this will happen except in response to legal action.

Reasons for deletion include but are not limited to violation of copyright, content that does not belong in an Hub, content not verifiable in a reliable source, and unreferenced negative content in biographies of living persons.

Deletion of a Hub post removes the current version and all previous versions from view. Unlike page blanking, which can be performed (or reverted) by any user, deletion can be performed only by administrators. Administrators can also view deleted pages and reverse (“undelete”) any deletion. All such actions are logged.

Reasons for deletion

Reasons for deletion include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Advertising or other spam.
  • Content that isn’t suitable.
  • Copyright infringement
  • The article is a duplicate of another
  • Images that are unused or obsolete.
  • Images that violate fair-use policy.
  • Inappropriate user pages
  • Inflammatory redirects
  • Self-promotion
  • Naked campaign advertising
  • Patent nonsense or gibberish
  • Vandalism that is not correctable


This Hub will set a temporary session cookie (PHPSESSID) whenever you visit the site. If you do not intend to ever log in, you may deny this cookie, but you cannot log in without it. It will be deleted when you close your browser session.

More cookies may be set when you log in, to avoid typing in your username (or optionally password) on your next visit. These last up to 30 days. You may clear these cookies after use if you are using a public machine and don’t wish to expose your username to future users of the machine. (If so, clear the browser cache as well.)


Many aspects of this Hub depend on the reputation and respect that is built up through a history of valued contributions. User passwords are the only guarantee of the integrity of a user’s edit history. All users are encouraged to select strong passwords and to never share them. No one shall knowingly expose the password of another user to public release either directly or indirectly.

Private logging

Every time you visit a web page, you send a lot of information to the web server. Most web servers routinely maintain access logs with a portion of this information, which can be used to get an overall picture of what pages are popular, what other sites link to this one, and what web browsers people are using.

These logs are used to produce the site statistics pages; the raw log data is NOT made public, and is normally discarded after about two weeks.

Here’s a sample from Wikipedia–which uses the same logging system as the Hub–of a log for one such page view: - - [21/Oct/2003:02:03:19 +0000]
"GET /wiki/draft_privacy_policy HTTP/1.1" 200 18084
"Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; U; PPC Mac OS X; en-us) AppleWebKit/85.7 (KHTML, like Gecko) Safari/85.5"

Log data may be examined by developers in the course of solving technical problems and in tracking down badly-behaved web spiders that overwhelm the site. IP addresses of users, derived either from those logs or from records in the database are frequently used to correlate usernames and network addresses of edits in investigating abuse of the site, including the suspected use of malicious “sockpuppets” (duplicate accounts where one person logs into Ballotpedia under different names), vandalism, harassment of other users, or disruption of the site.

Policy on release of data derived from page logs

It is the policy of VAO that personally identifiable data collected in the server logs, or through records in the database via the CheckUser feature, may be released by the system administrators or users with CheckUser access, in the following situations:

  1. In response to a valid subpoena or other compulsory request from law enforcement
  2. With permission of the affected user
  3. To the chair of the owner of VEH, his/her legal counsel, or his/her designee, when necessary for investigation of complaints
  4. Where the information pertains to page views generated by a spider or bot and its dissemination is necessary to illustrate or resolve technical issues
  5. Where the user has been vandalising articles or persistently behaving in a disruptive way, data may be released to assist in the targeting of IP blocks, or to assist in the formulation of a complaint to relevant Internet Service Providers
  6. Where it is reasonably necessary to protect the rights, property or safety of  VAO, its users or the public

Hub policy does not permit public distribution of such information under any circumstances, except as described above.

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